martes, 17 de enero de 2017

The problem of the objectiveness


     Somehow, when we talk about science we all think about an objective knowledge, an impartial knowledge that can’t be doubted. However, as we have seen, all the different sciences have changed its theories and, as Popper said, a theory is never completely proved.
     Besides the theoretical problems about the truth in science, there are other many factors that can question this supposed objectivity. As the British Steve Wolgar says. Science, like any other human activity is influenced by historical, social or political circumstances and, what’s more, by the other institutions of the society.  As the scientific research is more and more expensive every day, it depends on private or public investments. So, the government interests or the financial ones can influence it.
     On the other hand, at present, science is closely related to technology. This one takes profit of the scientific progress; but, at the same time, helps science to progress. However, technology is only a practical tool. It gives us the best way to get certain objectives; but it can´t say which of these objectives is desirable or not. That’s way The Frankfurt School suggested the use of rationality able to answer to these new challenges: ethical challenges, environmental challenges and social ones. All the discussions about our responsibility generated the expression “Think Global, Act Local”, which urges people to consider the health of the entire planet and to take action in their own communities and cities.  


Exercises:
What do you think does this sentence mean?

How can we help to get a better world? Mention two local actions in each of these areas: sustainable environment, privacity and social justice